Nisyrian Agrotourism - Activities that you can do

The “ANAEMA” is an attempt of people, which aims to provide services of organized excursions, people-oriented, and an alternative approach of the concept of the holiday, in a unique and remarkable place. Follow the link to find more information on the hiking activities planned.

Anaema (the): sack of special construction, square, hanging on the shoulder for placing food or other objects. Sometimes, suspended on a tree, it was used as a cradle of infants for mothers working in the fields.

Paliokastro, one of the best preserved fortifications in Aegean


Paliokastro is one of the best preserved fortifications of ancient times in the Aegean. The wall is built on the edge of the low hillside above Mandraki, with large bricks made by volcanic black stone, with a quasi-equal looking trapezium system of masonry on both fronts. Internally there is a fill of rough-hewn stones and gravel. The average width is 3.50-3.80 metres. In international literature it is known the inscription, which is engraved on the outer appearance, north of the gate. Τhe inscription mentions ‘ΔΑΜΟΣΙΟΝ ΤΟ ΧΩΡΙΟΝ ΠΕΝΤΕ ΠΟΔΕΣ ΑΠΟ ΤΟ ΤΕΙΧΕΟΣ’, meaning ‘the width of the public zone outside the fortification that ought to remain free from any use for defensive reasons’. The inscription is placed chronologically in the 3rd quarter of the 4th century B.C. and is an important element for the dating of the wall.

The remaining length of the wall in the south is 230, while in the east 80 metres. It is reinforced with series of rectangular towers, of which six survive in the south and two in the east. In the southeast corner of the wall it is formed a recess on Γ shape, where it is located the only surviving gate of the wall, hidden and sheltered. For additional protection it rises towards the cornered tower of the wall. Gate H, with a width of 2,10 metres, survives intact and covered by elongated stone bricks, with a length of over 3 metres. Very well preserved are two scales rising over the eastern part of the wall. From this the southernmost is maintained at a height of 15 grades, whilst the second, at a distance of 40 metres, survives to a height of 18 levels. Similar bands of flight of stairs are arranged and on the inner side of the southern part of the wall. From them, only the base is saved today.

The cornered Tower of the wall opposite the gate, has a length of 8.50 and a width of 9 metres. Equivalent dimensions have the rest of the towers, which seem to have been solid, i.e. filled in the lower section. Different wall creation is evident in the fifth in order Tower of the south side, which seems to have been a later addition to the already existing Tower perhaps due to its collapse. The Tower is built with masonry and quasi-levelled constructing system with intervention of briquettes spaced between roads. This characteristic wall making, which came from Magna Graecia, is often found in fortifications of Aegean and Asia Minor coast, is dating the tower at the end of the 4th or early 3rd century B.C. The wall surrounds the ancient city of Nisyros, which has not been excavated. Within the wall are the ruins of a Paleo-Christian basilica.

Within the framework of the regional operational program of South Aegean 2000-2006 performed the task of ‘Fixing-Restoration-Forming of the ancient wall the Nisyros’. The project, which started in 2003 and was completed in late 2006, included mounting works, and restoration of sections of the wall and the towers’s dangerous deformities, cleaning of the wall from the wild vegetation, transporting and arranging of fallen boulders, forming and prominence of the archaeological site with the creation of suitable routes, ticket issuing offices and sanitary facilities, and the placing of informational signs as well as the lighting of the monument.

Author: Melina Philimonos-Tsopotou, archaeologist

The volcano of Nisyros.

Nisyros is together with the volcanoes of the Kos caldera the east edge of the Aegean Arch with its active volcanoes Methana, Milos, Santorini. The Nisyros volcano is the most active remain of the Cos caldera that exploded aprox. 150.000 years ago. Nisyros, Yali, Strongyli, Pyrgoussa, Pahia and Kefalos (at Kos) are the remains of a zone that is considered to be still active. A Magma chamber below Nisyros is only 3-4 km deep and still rising up. Since 2000 when the Nisyros research program of the GEOWARN-Team started, the temperatures of the fumaroles have been changing from 98 C to 103 C in 2004. 

The volcano is currently active (but not erupting). It has had four historical eruptions, all of which had  VEI of 2. Almost all of its eruptions involved phreatic activity. The latest eruptive activity was a steam explosion in 1888, after small ash eruptions in 1871 and 1873 and earthquakes are not infrequent. A period of seismic unrest in 1996–1997 led an international team of scientist to initiate monitoring of the volcanic unrest in the EU sponsored GEOWARN project. The entire volcanic complex includes the seafloor between Nisyros and Kos, the island of Gyali and a part of Kos island.

Today you can visit the volcano and even walk inside the craters. It can be a spectacular excursion in the island during your holidays. 


Chohlaki Beach in Mandraki

Chohaki, is the beach in the village of Mandraki. Located underneath rocks of black andesite, it is a beach with large, black pebbles and crystal clear waters. It offers a unique experience for everyone that wants to explore the natural beauty of a volcanic island, especially at sunset.

Holidays in Nisyros

Our small island, Nisyros, remains a peaceful and alternative destination in Dodecanisa. This is the ideal place for total calmness and privacy. Nisyros island is mostly famous for its still active volcano that is found in the center of the island, the youngest volcano in Greece. Mandraki is the main village of the island with picturesque traditional houses built by the sea.  Another village next to the sea is Paloi known as the "fishermen village".Nikia and Emporeios are the villages located in mountains of Nisyros with traditional architecture and great views of the volcano. The beaches are clean and due to the limited visitors they have a relaxing atmosphere. The island can be visited for holidays or as a day trip from Kos. 

Mandraki, the main village of Nisyros.

Mandraki, the main village of Nisyros.